A synopsis of papers and reports published which utilized FLIP data (alphabetical by author name).

Bronson, E. D., 1971: Deep anchoring FLIP. Mar. Tech. Soc. J. 5 (3):42-44.

Bronson, E. D., 1975: Three-point anchoring in the deep ocean. Proceedings of the USN Institite. 101 (2):101-103.

Bullard, G. T. and J. A. Smith, 1996: Directional spreading of growing surface waves. The air-sea interface: radio and acoustic sensing, turbulence and wave dynamics, M. A. Donelan, W. H. Hui, and W. J. Plant, Ed., The Rosenstiel Scholl of Marine and Atmospheric Science, 311-319.

D'Spain, G. L., P. Lepper, J. A. Smith, E. Terrill, L. Berger, and W. A. Kuperman, 2001: Interference patterns in shallow water acoustic fields. 17th International Congress on Acoustics, San Diego, CA.

Fisher, F. H. and Spiess, F. N., 1963: “FLIP - Floating Instrument Platform,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., Vol. 35, pp. 1633-1644.

Friehe, C. A., J. A. Smith, K. F. Rieder, N. E. Huang, J.-P. Giovanangeli, and G. L. Geernaert, 2001: Wind, stress and wave directions. Wind Stress over the Ocean, I. S. F. Jones and Y. Toba, Eds., Cambridge University Press, 232-241.

Goldstein, R. M., R. Li, J. A. Smith, R. Pinkel, and T. P. Barnett, 1994: Remote sensing of ocean waves: the surface wave process program. J. of Geophys. Res., 99, 7945-7950.

Hristov, T. S., S. D. Miller, and C. A. Friehe, 2002: Dynamical coupling of wind and ocean waves through wave-induced air flow. Nature, 422, 55-56. (flip_Hristov.pdf) (571 KB)

Pinkel, R. and J. A. Smith, 1986: Surface wave detection by Doppler sonar. EOS, Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 1060.

Pinkel, R. and J. A. Smith, 1987: Open Ocean Surface Wave Measurement Using Doppler Sonar. Journal of Geophysical Research, 92, 12967-12973.

Pinkel, R. and J. A. Smith, 1992: Repeat-sequence coding for improved precision of Doppler sonar and sodar. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 9, 149-163.

Pinkel, R., J. Sherman, J. Smith, and S. Anderson, 1991: Strain: Observations of the vertical gradient of isopycnal vertical displacement. Journal Of Physical Oceanography, 21, 527-540.

Pinkel, R., M. Merrifield, J. Smith, and H. Ramm, 1995: Sea surface and mixing layer studies. Proc. of the Symposium on Air-Sea Interface.

Plueddemann, A. J., J. A. Smith, D. M. Farmer, R. A. Weller, W. R. Crawford, R. Pinkel, S. Vagle, and A. Gnanadesikan, 1996: Structure and variability of Langmuir circulation during the surface waves processes program. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 3525-3543.

Rieder, K. F. and J. A. Smith, 1998: Removing wave effects from the wind stress vector. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 1363-1374.

Rieder, K. F., J. A. Smith, and R. A. Weller, 1994: Observed directional characteristics of the wind, wind stress, and surface waves on the open ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 99, 22,589-22,596.

Rieder, K. F., J. A. Smith, and R. A. Weller , 1996: Some evidence of colinear wind stress and wave breaking. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 26, 2519-2524.

Rudnick, P., 1964: FLIP - an oceanographic buoy. Science. 146 (3649):1268-1273.

Rudnick, P., 1967: Motion of a large spar buoy in sea waves. J. Ship Res. 11 (4):257-267.

Rudnick, P., 1969: Wave directions from a large spar buoy. J. Mar. Res. 27 (1):7-23.

Rudnick, P. and R. W. Hasse, 1971: Extreme Pacific waves, December 1969. J. Geophys. Res. 76 (3):742-744.

Smith, J. A., 1992: Observed growth of Langmuir circulation. J. Geophys. Res., 97, 5651-5664.

Smith, J. A., 1996: Time-space characteristics of bubble clouds in the open ocean. Journal Acoustical Society of America, 100, 2805.

Smith, J. A., 1996: Observations of Langmuir circulation, waves, and the mixed layer. The Air Sea Interface: Radio and Acoustic Sensing, Turbulence, and Wave Dynamics, M. A. Donelan, W. H. Hui, and W. J. Plant, Eds., Univ. of Toronto Press, 613-622.

Smith, J. A., 1998: Evolution of Langmuir circulation during a storm. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 12,649-12,668.

Smith, J. A., 1999: Doppler sonar observations of Langmuir circulation. Air-sea Exchange: Physics, Chemistry and Dynamics, G. Geernaert, Ed., Kluwer Academic Publishers, 539-555.

Smith, J. A., 1999: Observations of wind, waves, and the mixed layer: the scaling of surface motion. The Wind-Driven Air-Sea Interface, M. L. Banner, Ed., University of New South Wales, 231-238.

Smith, J. A., 2001: Observations and theories of Langmuir circulation: a story of mixing. Fluid Mechanics and the Environment: Dynamical Approaches, J. L. Lumley, Ed., Springer, 295-314.

Smith, J. A., 2001: Phased-array Doppler sonar measurements of near-surface motion: Langmuir circulation, surface waves, and breaking. Acoustical Oceanography, G. J. H. T. G. Leighton, H. Griffiths, and G. Griffiths, Ed., Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics, vol. 23, part 2, 163-170.

Smith, J. A. and R. Pinkel, 1987: Observations of waves and Langmuir circulation with Doppler sonars. Dynamics of the Oceanic Surface Mixed Layer, P. Muller and D. Henderson, Eds.

Smith, J. A., 1991: Improvement of Doppler estimation through repeat sequence coding. Oceans '91/Proceedings, October 1-3, 1991, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA/Ocean Technologies and Opportunities in the Pacific for the 90's, IEEE, 977-984.

Smith, J. A. and G. T. Bullard, 1995: Directional Surface Wave Estimates from Doppler Sonar Data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 12, 617-632.

Smith, J. A. and K. F. Rieder, 1997: Wave induced motion of FLIP. Ocean Eng., 24, 95-110.

Smith, J., R. Pinkel, and R. Weller, 1985: Observations of small scale structure in the surface layer. EOS, Am. Geophys. Un., 1281.

Smith, J. A., R. Pinkel, and R. Weller, 1987: Velocity structure in the mixed layer during MILDEX. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17, 425-439.

Spiess, F. N., “Oceanographic and experimental platforms,” in Ocean Engineering, Eds. J. Brahtz (John F. Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1968), pp. 553-588.